A call for project proposals in 2019 resulted in 10 projects that encompass a total of 15 research workstreams. The projects engage more than 140 faculty, researchers, and students, who are affiliated with more than 20 different organizational units across MIT Campus and MIT Lincoln Laboratory. All project teams involve Air Force personnel, who are embedded in the research teams and serve as liaisons between projects and Department of Defense stakeholders.

The projects started in January 2020 and advance AI research in a broad range of areas, including weather modeling and visualization, optimization of training schedules, and enhancement of autonomy for augmenting and amplifying human decision-making. The research activities of the AI Accelerator have been successfully expanding, including seed research projects in collaboration with the Naval Postgraduate School  and the United States Space Force, as well as an AI Education Research project that started in January 2021.